Where wood flooring is concerned, staining refers to the use of solid particles of pigments in a solvent to change the natural color of wood. What most people aren’t aware of is that wood staining is different from floor finishing. Of course, a professional can explain this and lead you through the processes, differences and effects of each, using clear and concise English, without jargon.

Dyes and pigments are what make up the colour in stains that will be used on your floor; the difference between them depends on their solubility. You can also differentiate the two substances from their size. While dyes are dissolved in solvent, pigments are usually suspended in it. Most of the stains you‘ll find will contain both pigments dyes in varying degrees. The ratio and intensity will depend on the colour and effect you’re hoping to achieve, so our professionals will discuss with you to understand exactly what you want for you flooring.

Staining however is not always recommended for all floor types. You‘ll need to consider the related effects and consult with our professionals before we go ahead to make recommendations. When undertaken by professionals, wood floor staining can give your floor a total face lift. In case of redecoration, you’ll find it cost effective to stain your floor, so that it blends in with your furniture. Wood staining requires the hands of skilled professionals like the kind BTown Flooring have on staff.

Types of Wood Stains

Solid wood stains: This type of wood stain helps highlight the colour of the wood, whilst giving old wood a refreshed appearance and appeal. Most people choose these types of wood stains because they also protect the wood surface from direct sunlight, rain, and other natural factors. They are perfect for decks that experience lots of foot traffic.

Clear sealants: This type of wood stain is perfect if you’re looking to highlight the natural grains of the wood, without applying much colour to the floor. This type of stain seals the wood so that the natural colour can shine for a long time without washing off or being blocked by a deep stain colour.

Semi transparent stains: These allow you to protect the quality of your wood and display it, whilst also letting you play with colours. In fact, they let you visibly change the appearance of the wood, depending on the tone you choose.

Toners: These stains are great for when you want to change the colour of your wood, but still want to savour the appearance of the wood. They are a bit like clear sealants, as their appearance is a subtle mixture of the wood colour and tone given to it by the stain.

Floor Stain Colours

There are many wood stains colours – simply pick any to fit your mood or the effect you want to create in the room or generally any personal connection you have with a particular colour. Whichever it is, you only have to tell us and we’ll have your floor beaming with it. Popular choices include pristine white and traditional brown colours. There are even floor stain colours for when you want a darker floor, which includes black and grey colour wood flooring.

For those who prefer a less traditional and unconventional colour, a bronze and lime washed floor staining could be a good way to announce this. There are just so many tones and colours to choose from, but this ensures you have more than enough options to give your room that finesse you dream about. Some other stain colours include light, dark and medium oak colours, as well as ebony, mahogany, antique pine, teak, and American walnut staining colours. There are simply hundreds of these colours and we can provide samples to make your decision easier. Sometimes, our clients are not sure about the colour until they see a sample and become immediately attached.

Btown Will Bring Your Wood Floor Vision To Life!

Applying Stain to Hardwood

Applying stain on a hardwood floor must be carried out in a well ventilated room. Make sure to clean, dust, vacuum and even sand the floor properly. If the floor is recently sanded, mop it with a wet mop so that the stain will be well absorbed into the wood. However, the mop should of course be wrung out, so you don’t have water logged on one side of the floor. Then, use a sponge or rag to begin staining the floor. Start from one side of the room and move slowly to the other, applying the same amount of stain on all sides to give it an even look. We advise you always pick the stain colour that’s closest to that of the wood in order to achieve the best result. Give it a day or two to dry properly before applying polyurethane, which will protect the floor from wear.

Duration of the staining process

The staining itself doesn’t take too long – perhaps just a few hours. However, it takes about 24 to 48 hours before the stains dry. It will take longer if it’s an oil based stain. After that, you should start walking barefoot on the floor, preferably in socks and not shoes.

Tools and machines for staining wood flooring

  • Foam brush
  • Mop
  • Vacuum cleaner
  • Clean rag
  • Stain
  • Paint stirrer
  • Paint tray

How much is covered by a gallon of stain?

Our professionals will take measurements of the rooms to determine how much of the product you’ll need. However, there are ways you can calculate how much will be covered by a gallon stain. Simply check on the label of the stain tin for the maximum covered; then, divide your total square footage. If you need, you can round it off to the next whole number to get an idea of how much it will take to cover your floors.

Benefits of staining your floors

The benefits of staining your floors are many. They allow homeowners to mimic the appearance of certain woods they love. They bring out the natural substance of the wood itself, thereby giving your floor some character, so that you can go for a more modern or traditional touch if you so please.

Apart from the appeal, stain protects your floor from water, direct sunlight and even rot. No matter how careful you are, your floors will still see their fair share of water spillages, so it’s safe to have your floor stained to serve as a waterproof layer.

Wood staining pitfalls

A wood floor sanding expert may advise you against staining your floors for one reason or another – one of which might be that staining your floor makes sanding marks appear visible. This often happens when you contract an inexperienced sander. Also, some floors made from marble, birch, pine and fir (amongst others), are not meant to be stained. It is close to impossible to stain them evenly. The floor might also experience a bleed back, whereby some of the stains absorbed into the wood start coming to the surface after the solvent evaporates.


What an amazing job Ben and team have made of our entrance hall and hallway. We simply could not have hoped for a better job. Extremely helpful before and during the work. No mess at all and a pleasure to have working in the house. We cannot recommend highly enough.
chris broad
chris broad
16:33 14 Mar 18
Fantastic service from a very professional team. From quoting through to the final product Ben and his team delivered an impeccable service. Have and will continue to recommend to friends. Ben was able to recommend the best type of finish for our particular wood to bring it back to an amazing finish - so do ask him for his opinion, as he recommended us a much better colour for our hallways then we had planned. We always get positive comments from visitors on our floor and its finish.
12:39 20 Mar 18
Btown Flooring did an incredible job of all the floors in my house - they look beautiful! Ben's considerable expertise reassured me from the first that this was the company I trusted to look after my original Victorian floorboards. He guided me through the options in a professional and friendly manner, going the extra mile to ensure the best possible outcome. He kept me informed at all times and delivered to schedule at the price quoted.
Claire Seymour
Claire Seymour
13:35 30 Mar 18
Ben and his team sanded and varnished our downstairs living areas and hallway. They were very polite, respectful and Ben took as much time as was needed to make sure everything was done to a high standard as well as being happy to explain all aspects along the way as well as allowing us time to make decisions. He also recommended a finish which was much better than the one we thought we wanted - sample areas were created on the floor so that we could get an idea of the different finishes before making a choice. The team worked hard and were very professional throughout the whole process. As we had chosen a different varnish the price did increase slightly. Ben made an estimate as to what that increase would be which turned out to be slightly less than it actually was. I asked him afterwards about the difference in the price and he refunded it, apologising for any confusion stating that it was an estimate. I thought this was very fair. Overall, I would definitely recommend B-Town as the work was of a high standard and the team were very professional and courteous, trying their best to accommodate our movements to contain disruption. I think the job took longer than they had quoted for but the price did not increase because of that. The only problem is that we really have to look after our floors now as our dog has managed to scratch it already! Top tip: buy a roll of felt adhesive that can be cut to size and adhered to the bottom of all the feet of your furniture, maybe to your dogs paws too 🙂
Mister Phil
Mister Phil
11:51 07 Mar 18
Used this company to sand and stain the hallway in my flat making it a beautiful dark red mahogany colour. They were friendly and more importantly tidy. Did such a good job the managing agents used them for the communal areas later that year. Would use again.
Dean Cottrell
Dean Cottrell
21:03 12 Feb 18
Great work from Ben and team, really good finish and house was left clean and tidy. Ben was very helpful in explaining the process also. Would very much recommend.
russell brighton
russell brighton
11:13 13 May 18
Ben and his team did a great job with my kitchen wood floor. He is an honest and professional guy. He will give you helpful suggestions to make your floor look just perfect. Highly recommend.
09:53 12 Jul 18
I was given the responsibility of finding the right company to refurbish our Church Hall floor and three double doors at the church and hall. Had several quotes and a lot of promises. Just had a feeling that Ben and his team would deliver exactly as discussed. They did and we are delighted. Well done BTown.
Nigel Ireland
Nigel Ireland
16:37 08 Aug 18

Btown Will Bring Your Wood Floor Vision To Life!